High rates of habitat destruction and reduced prey densities routinely force carnivores, such as tigers and leopards, into human-dominated landscapes. The ability of forest officials to respond to such emergencies is limited by a lack of training and equipment.

 

Specially Designed Rescue Vehicles

WCT donates specially modified 4WD vehicles to parks to help officials rescue wild animals that have strayed into human habitation. Specially designed injury-proof carnivore trap cages have also been provided to over 20 Protected Areas.

 

Workshops on Firearm Maintenance

WCT collaborates with local NGOs to carry out periodic maintenance of firearms given to forest staff in various parks. Although forest officials have firearms to use in life-threatening situations, they are not taught how to maintain them. This leads to rust developing on the inside of the firearms, increasing the chances of them malfunctioning during an emergency.

 

Technological Solutions

WCT has helped design thermal imaging equipment called an e-Rescuer that helps forest officials detect wild animals during the night or in foggy conditions. Staff can use the device to track animals and plan their rescue operations, minimising the risk of injury to themselves.

 

Radio Telemetry

Radio-telemetry is one of most widely used technologies for understanding the behaviour and ecology of wild animals. Its importance in the context of tiger conservation cannot be overstated. Being saturated, the core zones of several tiger reserves have no room for young tigers. As a result, a large majority of young disperse into less-protected forests via corridors.

WCT uses radio-telemetry to understand how dispersing tigers use their habitat to suggest and implement community interventions for mitigating conflict arising from the interaction between people and tigers. Some effective interventions include livelihood programmes to reduce dependence of people on forests and awareness drives to inform people about subtle behaviour changes needed to coexist with large carnivores.

Understanding the dispersal of tigers and leopards also helps us in devising training programmes for frontline forest staff.

WCT assists the forest department in radio-collaring tigers that have been declared as dangerous to humans, so that, by closely monitoring their movements, we can provide unbiased evidence for or against these decisions.

 

Diffusing Conflict

To help tackle human-animal conflict, WCT has designed and donated Rapid Response Units (RRUs) to forest departments across India. Each RRU consists of a specially-modified 4WD vehicle, three motorcycles, injury-proof carnivore trap cage, blow-pipe, stretcher, GPS, digital camera, sleeping bags, torches, and several other items needed during an emergency.

 

Detailed List of Items Included in RRU

 

Human Wildlife Interface Management - RRU List - Wildlife Conservation Trust

 

Header image © Nikhil Tamberkar