WCT’s field interventions are rooted in hard science. Our research helps us frame policy recommendations at both national and state levels. We combine conservation genetics and Geographic Information System (GIS) to study and predict the movement of tigers through landscapes that include well-protected tiger reserves and Protected Areas, relatively less protected but good quality forests, highly degraded forests, and revenue land, to identify the most viable corridors as well as bottlenecks in these corridors.
WCT’s scientists spend extensive amounts of time and effort collecting data on forest cover and waterbodies, linear infrastructure, human activity and animal densities. The GIS platform then integrates these layers to create a composite, landscape-level perspective of the concerned area, which is then shared with relevant agencies to formulate a holistic strategy for conservation of large landscapes keeping in mind the well-being of both people and wildlife.
Our studies highlight corridors connecting existing Protected Areas and other tiger source sites in a landscape. The map shows areas best suited for movement of tigers and identifies possible pinch points along them. The red and orange regions in the map show areas with least resistance to tiger movement.
However, at several places there are bottlenecks or a break in connectivity. Such areas need urgent attention not only from the government but also from NGOs working to ensure long-term sustenance of forests, wildlife and communities.